I am sure you have noticed that there is a huge array of budgie varieties and colours. We have covered the basic colours on this page so I thought we had better look at the varieties.
If you know which variety you are interested in then check if they have their own page on the list below. However, if you are trying to learn more about the different varieties then ignore the list and read on. I have grouped the varieties differently than most people as I wanted it easy for beginners to get a handle on the many types as they differ visually. So they are grouped by how they look rather than how they are inherited.
Sometimes a mutation occurs that alters the colour or pattern of a budgie's markings. If this is able to be passed on to chicks it can become a new variety. A variety is separate from a budgies base color. They can occur on any color and are basically overlaid, so you would describe your budgie by its color and its variety. For example a wild budgie would be a Light Green (the colour) Normal (the variety), or you may have a Skyblue (the color) Opaline (the variety).
I have thought long and hard about organising the varieties in a way that makes it easy to find the one you want if you don’t know what it is called… This has turned out to be a bit tricky, and will probably not suit everyone! I have grouped them in the way that they differ from the normal budgie. So we had better start with that...
Normal is the term for budgies whose markings match with the
The budgie can be any of the basic body colors, but so long as it has
the wild type markings it will be of the normal variety. So you can
have Skyblue Normal, Grey Normal, Dark Green Normal.... etc. The picture
to the right shows a Dark Green Normal hen and behind her a Skyblue Normal hen. For more information and pictures of the Normal variety click here to go to its own page.
There are several varieties which have markings that are not black.
Grey to very pale or non-existent markings:
Texas Cearbody - these have grey primaries but the majority of their markings are black so I have included them in the 'None of the above' category below.
There are a few varieties which have marking patterns that are different from the Normal:
There are several types of pieds:
Dominant Pied - also known as Australian or Banded Pied
Recessive Pied - also known as Danish Pied
Clearflight - also known as Dutch Pied
Mottled - not an actual pied, but looks like one
These varieties have the markings and all or most of the body colour, removed:
Inos – albino and lutino
Double factor spangle
Dark eyed clears
If none of the above match what you are looking for, try these:
Yellow Face/Golden Face
Finally, bear in mind that many budgies are a mix of more than one variety, a composite. There are so many combinations I couldn't list them all, such as Opaline Spangles, Yellow Faced Blue Recessive Pied, Cinnamon Opaline Clearflight.....
So if you are trying to work out
what varieties your budgie is I would suggest starting with marking
colour, and then work through the other categories adding any other
varieties that fit. It may not be the most accurate method but it
should give you somewhere to start from! From there looking at the budgie varieties pictures on my Pinterest abum (click the Follow Me on Pinterest button above to be taken to it)
may help confirm, or not, your guesses. You could also try the Geneius phone app, (again on the top right of this page) which can identify almost all possible combinations for you.
There is a particularly lovely composite called Rainbow. It is a blue bird with Opaline, Clearwing and Yellow Face all present.